The Change the Record Coalition launched an eight-point plan to reform Australia’s youth justice system Monday, seizing on the Northern Territory Royal Commission as an “historic opportunity” to improve the lives of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children.
The Commission urged an end to punitive and damaging systems of child protection and detention in a damning report handed down earlier this month which chronicled “systemic and shocking failures”.
Launching an eight-point plan Free to be Kids, Change the Record co-chair Antoinette Braybrook said the “time to act is now” on youth justice reform.
“This is an historic opportunity for the Federal Government to make a difference for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children,” said Braybrook.
Change the Record is a coalition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander, human rights, legal and community organisations advocating on disproportionate imprisonment and violence rates for Indigenous Australians.
— Change the Record (@Change_Record) November 26, 2017
Unveiling the National Plan of Action on Monday, co-chair Cheryl Axleby said the NTRC had demonstrated “shocking abuse” of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children in prisons and “we know that similar abuses are happening right around the country”.
More than 100 organisations signed onto an open letter to Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull calling for national action on youth justice following the NTRC findings, and the Change the Record plan offers a way forward.
Closing the justice gap would save the economy an estimated $18.9 billion per year in 2040, according to the report, which called for establishment of a fund for community-based early intervention, prevention and diversion programs.
Labor MP Linda Burney, the first Indigenous woman elected to the House of Representatives, was among those present at the plan’s launch at Parliament House, amid a sea of hands on the lawn.
— Linda Burney MP (@LindaBurneyMP) November 27, 2017
Launch of #freetobekids national youth action plan with Sea of Hands. PM must show leadership and implement @Change_record plan @NationalFVPLS @NATSILS_ @keenan_mundine @andrew_meehan1 @BraybrookA pic.twitter.com/93H9Tn9l5h
— ANTaR National (@ANTaR_National) November 26, 2017
— Roxy Moore (@RoxyAmnestyOz) November 27, 2017
It calls on the Federal government to adopt and report on eight metrics to reduce the overincarceration and abuse of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children in prisons:
- Support children, families and communities to stay strong together, through Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander-designed and run holistic programs and services focused on cultural strengths, language and connection to land, as well as via justice reinvestment initiatives
- Raise the age of criminal responsibility to 14 in all jurisdictions
- Get children who are not sentenced out of prison — a group comprising 60% of all Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children in detention on any one day
- Adequately fund Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community-controlled legal and other support services including health, education and disability to address the disadvantage resulting in overimprisonment
- End abusive practices in prisons including solitary confinement, strip searches, physical violence, inappropriate use of dogs and restraints, by appointing an independent youth justice inspector in every state and territory
- Set targets to end the overincarceration of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children through COAG’s Closing the Gap agenda, with a commitment to halve the gap by 2030 and a reporting mechanism with measurable sub-targets
- Improve data use and collection via establishment of a national coordinating body
- Work through COAG to reform state and territory laws that breach children’s rights including mandatory minimum sentencing laws and the holding of children in adult prisons
The report concludes:
To end this national tragedy, the Federal Government, through COAG, must lead a national overhaul of juvenile justice systems, laws, policies and practices. This work must be done in partnership with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander leaders, organisations and communities.
It must build on the recommendations of the Royal Commission into the Protection and Detention of Children in the Northern Territory, with a strong focus on keeping children out of prison with a view to developing national minimum benchmarks for laws and policies to underpin this National Plan of Action.
— Belinda Lowe (@BelAmnestyOz) November 26, 2017