The Consortium of Universities for Global Health (CUGH), based in Washington and representing more than 170 organisations globally, has issued a powerful call for United States citizens to do their electoral duty.
Meanwhile, this week’s inaugural #CroakeyLIVE – a new social journalism service from Croakey Health Media – canvassed wide-ranging health issues around the US election, as Jennifer Doggett reports below.
On Twitter, follow the hashtag #USvotesHealth for ongoing news from the Croakey team.
Jennifer Doggett writes:
The world will be watching on November 3 when the United States goes to the polls to determine whether President Donald Trump wins another four years in the White House.
With the COVID-19 pandemic raging, an economy in free-fall, public concern about racial injustices, the increasing visibility of white supremacists, and fears about Trump’s response to an election loss, it seems extraordinary that experts believe this election is still “highly competitive”.
It could “go either way”, according to Bruce Wolpe, one of the panellists in last Sunday’s #CroakeyLive on the United States election and health.
At this event, a panel of health and political experts engaged with online participants for a lively and informative discussion about the implications of the upcoming election for the US, Australia and the world.
The panellists were:
- Bruce Wolpe, a Senior Fellow at the United States Studies Centre who has worked with the Democrats in Congress during President Barack Obama’s first term and was Chief of Staff to former Prime Minister Julia Gillard.
- Dr Summer May Finlay, a Yorta Yorta woman, public health academic at Wollongong University, Vice President (Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander) of the Public Health Association of Australia, and Co-Vice Chair of the Indigenous Working Group of the World Federation of Public Health Associations.
- Associate Professor Lesley Russell, a dual Australian/US citizen who jokes that she now has to worry about bad politics in two countries. She is a fellow at the United States Studies Centre and Adjunct Associate Professor at the Menzies Centre for Health Policy at the University of Sydney, who has worked as a senior policy advisor on health for the Democrats in the US House of Representatives, for the Obama Administration and for the Australian Labor Party in the Australian Parliament.
The discussion was moderated by Professor Bronwyn Carlson, Head of the Department of Indigenous Studies at Macquarie University.
Flashback to 2016
The panellists shared their memories of the 2016 election and their first reactions to the Trump victory.
Wolpe remembered being on Sky News commentating on the US election and said he found it hard to process the election outcome.
Four years on, he says that most of his fears about Trump have been realised. While he feels that US democracy is strong enough to recover from the past four years, he thinks another term would be disastrous and would leave the institutions of US politics “profoundly different to what the founders envisioned”.
Finlay was with Croakey’s Melissa Sweet and Marie McInerney, and others at the Lowitja Institute International Indigenous Health and Wellbeing Conference 2016 in Melbourne when the news broke. She remembered thinking that the idea of a Trump presidency was “surreal” and that many of the delegates were shocked by Trump’s election.
Russell was at home alone watching her husband Bruce Wolpe on TV. She described her “desperate hope” that the US can get back to some sense of normalcy and connectedness after the election.
Carlson was at a friend’s birthday party in New York state. She said no-one there anticipated the result and when the election outcome was announced, it was “like entering a twilight phase”.
One of her main concerns over the past four years has been the impact of Trump’s presidency on People of Colour. She also acknowledged that COVID-19 (like other epidemics) has had a disproportionate impact on Indigenous peoples in the US and worldwide.
Professor Rebecca Ivers, from the UNSW School of Population Health, was following the #CroakeyLIVE discussions, and remembered her horror at the possibility of a Trump win in 2016.
Racial injustice in the US has been in the spotlight after the police killings of unarmed African Americans, including George Floyd and Breonna Taylor, and all panel members agreed that a Biden administration should address structural racism and inequality as a priority.
However, Finlay cautioned against expecting too much progress on race issues from a Biden presidency.
“Addressing systemic issues within any community is much more than an election cycle and requires bipartisan support over generations. No single person can address systemic and structural racism,” she said.
She also noted that given the setbacks in racial justice under Trump, a new administration would have to first focus on winning back ground that has already been fought for.
Wolpe described the Black Lives Matter (BLM) movement as a “potent political force” saying that “Americans want solutions to racial justice despite Trump’s law and order rhetoric.”
He believes that concerns about racial injustice should help a greater turn out to vote among African Americans which should assist Biden.
Wolpe was encouraged by Biden’s ability at a recent Town Hall meeting to describe what he would do for young black men if elected, including supporting home ownership, education and rehabilitation from incarceration.
He also noted that the role of the Attorney General will be crucial in efforts to address racial injustice, saying that “he or she can make the biggest tangible difference to the lives of Black Americans”.
Russell discussed the devastating impact of COVID-19 on First Nations peoples, especially the Navajo, due to the under-funding of their health system and lack of resources they have been allocated to protect themselves from the pandemic. She said she was encouraged by the policies on tribal nations on the Biden website but concerned that postal voting can disadvantage Native Americans living on reservations if they don’t have street numbers.
The panel also discussed the impact on Indigenous peoples of the Trump administration’s attack on environmental policies, including removing the requirement for environmental impact statements for mining and other interventions (see this piece from David Shearman for more information on Trump’s attack on the environment and the EPA).
Russell also noted that the Inuit also face discrimination and racism but are often forgotten in public debate.
The impact of the BLM movement in Australia was also discussed. Finlay described how BLM has engaged white people in Australia in a new way in racial justice issues. She described how racism kills Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in ways that are not always obvious, such as through stress and anxiety and high rates of incarceration.
A Biden victory
The huge expectations on Biden to deliver change was raised, and the panel discussed how he could quickly lose the trust of the American people if he wins but does not deliver on their expectations.
One major problem for Biden, according to Russell, is if he does not win the Senate. This means that he will be hamstrung and won’t be able to achieve much, so she is hopeful he will win the White House and also control both the House and the Senate.
Wolpe is confident Biden is up to the top job, saying that “he has no charisma but he is a safe pair of hands when people are scared”.
One of Biden’s strengths, according to Russell, is that he is great at getting really good people to work for him, which should give people confidence in a future Biden administration.
She also pointed out his detailed election platform, including costed policies on COVID and a commitment to set up a commission looking at health inequalities.
A participant commented that both parties would be hampered in addressing the COVID-19 pandemic by the US health financing system which accentuates the inequity in access.
US health system
The future of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) was also discussed.
Obamacare has become increasingly popular over the past four years, according to Russell, who described how many Americans are benefitting from the ACA and don’t want it to go.
She said Biden will support the ACA if elected but this support will not extend as far as providing Medicare for all, as was proposed by Bernie Sanders.
The panel also discussed how the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has been sidelined and defunded during the Trump administration. Wolpe suggested that the CDC needs a trusted authoritative person to come in and rebuild it.
“It is really frustrating to see the dismantling of the CDC under Trump and shows what a lack of insight he has about the importance of frank and fearless expert health advice.”
(Since this event the NBC’s White House correspondent has reported that the Government Accountability Office has agreed to “conduct an investigation of the Trump Administration’s political interference at the CDC and the FDA, and to determine whether this interference has violated the agencies’ scientific integrity and communication policies.”)
Wolpe also described the impact of Trump’s policies on Planned Parenthood and other women’s health organisations that now refuse to take federal funding because of the strings attached which constrain their activities even in areas which have nothing to do with abortion
Finlay pointed out that the impact on access to safe abortion will be felt not just in the US but also in Africa and countries dependent on US aid.
Climate and global health
Sweet raised the immense repercussions of climate change, and speculated about the implications for Australian climate politics and policies if Biden is elected, given his commitment to climate action.
Wolpe said there is no doubt that if re-elected, Trump will continue to attack environmental controls, such as pulling out of the Paris accord and opening up Alaska to oil drilling.
The panel also discussed how Trump’s denial of climate change has changed the international dialogue on this issue and emboldened Australia and other countries in their resistance to effective action to address global warming.
The plan on climate put forward by Biden was described as being informed by, but ultimately different from, the Green New Deal.
The role of the states on climate change was mentioned, with the Panel noting that despite the Trump administration’s undermining of climate action, many of the states are committed to action on climate and many cities are working hard to reduce emissions.
Trump’s announcement that he wants to withdraw from the World Health Organization was also discussed, with Russell noting that this would have to be approved by Congress and can’t occur until the US pays their outstanding debts.
In response to a question about the impact on civil and reproductive rights of the likely appointment of Amy Coney Barrett to the Supreme Court, Wolpe described how control of the Supreme Court is more important to conservative Republican interests than control of the White House.
In his view, the confirmation process should not be rushed just because it is close to the election.
Global to local
One participant noted that the US-China trade war (and militarisation) is a major distraction to global health (and economic) activities in the Asia-Pacific and asked if anything would change as a result of the election.
In response, Wolpe described how Trump believes that China is responsible for COVID and will seek vengeance if re-elected, which could put Australia in a difficult position given our strategic alliance with the US but economic dependence on China.
Another participant asked the panel about the implications of Trump’s COVID-19 diagnosis. Wolpe said he was shocked that leaders like Trump and Boris Johnson could experience COVID without changing their policy approach.
Overall, he sees the diagnosis as a negative for the Trump campaign:
People will say, if Trump could not protect himself, his family or his White House staff, can he be trusted to protect the American people?”
Russell pointed out that Trump’s access to health care does not reflect that available to many Americans, many of whom have been deprived of early access to care and experimental treatments.
She also described it as “astounding” that people are so distrustful of any statement from Trump that they are questioning even whether he had COVID.
The panel reflected on the lessons for Australia from the political climate in the US.
A particular concern for Finlay is the impact of Trumps mis/disinformation campaigns on attitudes to health advice among the Australian population:
Conspiracy theories can be spread and reinforced by mis and disinformation coming from the US which can undermine a science-based response and the role of mainstream medicine in responding to COVID.”
She also raised the need for Australian politics to be more inclusive to avoid creating leaders like Trump:
Trump taps into minority groups who feel disenfranchised.
We need to find out why they feel that way so they don’t look to politicians who promise fairy tales and falsehoods.
We need to find out why the small minority of disenfranchised people feel let down and vulnerable to people like Trump.”
One important lesson for Australia, according to Carlson, is that we should not follow the US blindly. She also reminded participants that it’s not just the figureheads in the US who need to change, but also the institutions.
The importance of compulsory voting was a key takeaway for Wolpe who believes that if everyone in the US was forced to vote, the Republicans would have to radically change their views.
“Don’t ever give up compulsory voting in Australia, it’s your most precious asset for retaining democracy,” he said.
Russell’s final point:
“Democracy is a fragile thing, it needs to be protected and nurtured, and everyone has to see their role in it. Getting an inclusive and equal society is hard work and easily undone.”
Further reading: How to cover Election Day and beyond – advice for media from the Columbia Journalism Review.
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